Hunts conducted by Brad Rolston African Hunting, will be either on state governed, controlled hunting areas, or privately owned land, which is managed and sustained according to sound, and proven conservation principles.

 

 
BRIEF OVERVIEW

 

South Africa is the third most biodiverse country in the world, and is currently implementing policies to increase conservation areas. Land is returned to its traditional owners in some cases, with communities then leasing the land. The lease payments the communities receive represent the value of using the land for biodiversity conservation purposes, including sport hunting.

 

South Africa is one of the only African counties that have a growing game industry. A specialized part of this industry is the breeding of both endangered and general game species for the restocking of new areas, and the increasing of both numbers and species diversity in existing areas. To achieve these restocking aims animals are captured, transported and released under the safest conditions possible.
 

 

Much of the conservation efforts in South Africa  thus far have been centered around national parks, the species involved are largely determined on the location of the national park. Addo Elephant National Park, for instance, is a safe haven for elephants, Cape buffalo, black rhino, several antelope species, as well as the dung beetle. Also, the park is planning to expand and has introduced lions and spotted hyena in the hope of creating an area of unparalleled natural diversity as well as a tourist destination. The South Africa National Parks also protect several islands which are home to Cape gannets and African penguins. Specific animals of concern are the 17 threatened species in South Africa, including the black rhino, pangolin and giant golden mole. The riverine rabbit, roan antelope and wild dog are also endangered. The wattled crane, Egyptian vulture blackrumped buttonquail, blue swallow and roseate tern are endangered birds. There are also six endangered reptiles.

The Black Rhino is an example of the threatened animal and plant populations in the area. The population of Black Rhinos is just beginning to increase after declining over 90% in the late 1990s. The Black Rhino roams over large areas and thus its habitat has proved difficult to protect with increasing development in South Africa. Anti- trade legislation in rhino products, although it has not stopped poaching completely, has made an impact.

 
South Africa is naturally very diverse. However, this biodiversity is threatened by human demands placed on the environment such as urbanization and agriculture. In addition, invasive alien species have proved to be a problem for several animal species. Other threats include over fishing, poaching of those species desirable in trade, and dune and estuary damage as a result of increased development and usage of off road vehicles. Polluted waters and climate changes also affect the local ecosystem.

 

South Africa's earliest conservation organizations, formed in the 1800s, were game preservation associations, concerned primarily with protection of wildlife. These were formed by sport hunters concerned about declining numbers of wild animals. Single species conservation formed the focus of conservation efforts in South Africa until fairly recently, when people became aware that all species are dependant on their habitat and life support systems. The realization that the earth's resources (living and non- living) are both finite, and essential for the survival of human, and other life, contributed to a broadening of the concept of conservation to include, as well as wild animals, all the interacting components of an ecosystem that are necessary for its healthy functioning. More recently, scientific and technological advances, such as the use of satellites, have allowed us to assess global environmental problems such as depletion of ozone, and global warming
Today, conservation has come to be described as the wise use of the earth's resources, with, as mentioned previously, controlled hunting playing the most significant role, such that they will be able to support, or sustain, all life for generations ahead. The sustainable use of our natural resources in South Africa has led to the development of approximately 9000 privately owned game reserves covering around in excess of 60 million hectares of land. As a form of tourism, hunting is an enormous contributor to South Africa’s economy, and has helped to make inroads into job creation.
 Conservation is practiced in different ways in different situations. For example:

In a national park, conservation has involved the protection of ecosystems including endangered species, such as the Black Rhino, and in years gone by, the White Rhino, which is now no longer critically endangered, and is hunted in controlled numbers.

Conservation involves the use of resources, in many different situations, all of which include protection and maintenance (e.g. national parks and game reserves, both state owned, as well as those in private hands), and rehabilitation and restoration of ecosystems and their populations.
 

WHY CONSERVE?

 

Some people argue that the creation has an intrinsic value and thus a right to exist, independently of human use. Christian belief is that people will achieve harmony with nature through Jesus Christ. This is in keeping with the view that the solution to our environmental problems lies not only in technological or scientific advance, but in an awareness of the non-material dimension of the human-environment relationship.

In addition to the `intrinsic value' argument for conservation, people are dependant on natural resources for a variety of reasons:

ECOLOGICAL VALUE

Ecology is the study of the interactions and relationships between all living (plants and animal) and non-living (e.g. soil, water, air) things on earth. From ecology we have learnt of the interdependence of all living and non-living things.

Ecological reasons for conservation demonstrate the need to care for the life support systems of the planet. The greenhouse effect illustrates the breakdown of a life support system, the maintenance of the carbon dioxide balance in the atmosphere. Increased burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and gas, releases greater amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Deforestation results in less carbon dioxide being taken up by plants The overall result is an increase in the carbon dioxide concentration of the atmosphere, and this contributes to a warming of the earth's atmosphere.

ECONOMIC VALUE

Most sections of our economy are dependant on natural resources. For example, industries such as hunting, forestry, fishing, agriculture and tourism, are all dependent on the healthy functioning of the natural environment. If the resource base on which these industries depend is damaged, the industries themselves suffer.

GENETIC DIVERSITY


Plants and animals contain a largely untapped store of genetic diversity which may be of great value in plant and animal breeding programmes. In addition, plants are chemical factories able to make vast numbers of complex and unusual substances, many of which are potential medicines for humankind. Examples of existing drugs based on plants include:
* Quinine, an anti-malarial medicine, made from a substance in the yellow cinchona plant;
* Aspirin, a common drug, has been developed from a blueprint supplied by the bark of the willow tree;
* The rosy periwinkle produces substances which are effective in the treatment of leukemia.
We cannot predict which resources may be of use in the future - thus it is important that we leave our options open and maintain the earth's biodiversity

 

 
GOVERNMENT CONSERVATION BODIES

 

South Africa has an excellent international reputation for conservation, especially for the management of its National Parks and game reserves.

All of the National parks in the country including the famous Kruger National Park, Tembe Elephant Reserve, Tsitsikamma, Addo Elephant Reserve, and many others, are run and controlled by Sanparks. Controlled hunting, up until now, has not been available to the sport hunter in reserves under the jurisdiction of Sanparks

The country is divided into 9 different provinces, or states, each with its own provincial game and environmental parks department, controlling all of the provincial game and nature reserves. The conservation authorities of National and Provincial parks in South Africa, successfully manage approximately 20 million acres, therefore providing an enormous resource base of wild animals for redistribution throughout the country.

 

These provincial departments are also responsible for the implementation of the Game Ordinance (Laws governing each individual province) as far as all aspects of the conservation and hunting industry is concerned.

 

 

 

These departments are also responsible for the implementation of all of the laws pertaining to the Professional Hunting Industry. The sound regulations implemented by these departments, which govern hunting in South Africa in general, protect sport hunters, and ensure high levels of professionalism within the hunting fraternity.

 

 
Should the sport hunter at any time wish to make contact with any one of the organizations, Brad Rolston African Hunting will provide you with all of the necessary contact details for these departments. In most cases you will also be provided with the contact details of a specific person, in order to deal as efficiently as possible with the question(s) or queries that you have. Legislation that governs the Hunting Industry in the various provinces, will also be made available upon request.

 

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